Churn (mobility) rate
Definition: Percent of all students transferring into or out of a school within a school year. This indicator is the statewide “churn rate,” representing students enrolled in public schools that are not reported as enrolled in the same school throughout the year. This is one of multiple measures used to assess student mobility.
This indicator is included in the Performance & Engagement section of the Condition of Education in the Commonwealth Data Report focusing on high expectations and promoting rigorous content standards and aligned assessments. Equally important is an emerging commitment to support strategies that allow all students to focus on learning challenging content. This means creating inclusive school and classroom settings that promote academic achievement, while attending to the needs of the Commonwealth’s most at-risk populations.
Source: Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education: 2019 Mobility Rates
Low socioeconomic status: For the purposes of this report, low socioeconomic status is used as an umbrella term for such designations as: subsidy eligibility, low income, economically disadvantaged, and Pell grant recipients as defined by the Massachusetts Department of Early Education and Care, Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education, or Massachusetts Department of Higher Education.
The Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education calculates “economically disadvantaged” (used for school year 2015 data and after) based on a student's participation in one or more of the following state-administered programs: the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP); the Transitional Assistance for Families with Dependent Children (TAFDC); the Department of Children and Families' (DCF) foster care program; and MassHealth (Medicaid).
Source: Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education, Understanding the Economically Disadvantaged Indicator.
Note: It is important for users of this data to understand that enrollment percentages and achievement data for "economically disadvantaged" students cannot be directly compared to "low income" data in prior years (prior to 2015) or other low income designations.
*While comparing indicators, please keep in mind that different data sources use different definitions of student subgroups.